cpu vs vpu

CPU (Central Processing Unit) and VPU (Vector Processing Unit) are two types of processors commonly used in various devices, from smartphones to desktop computers.

Processing speed is a crucial factor to consider when choosing the right device for your needs.

Let’s compare CPU and VPU:

1. Architecture:

  • CPU: Has a complex and versatile architecture, capable of handling various types of instructions.
  • VPU: Has a simpler architecture specifically designed to handle parallel vector operations.

2. Speed:

  • CPU: Has a higher clock speed, allowing faster execution of individual instructions.
  • VPU: Has multiple cores that work in parallel, enabling faster data processing for vector operations.

3. Power Consumption:

  • CPU: Consumes more power than VPU due to its architectural complexity.
  • VPU: Consumes less power due to its simpler architecture.


  • Speed: VPU is generally faster than CPU for parallel vector operations, such as image and video processing.
  • Versatility: CPU is more versatile and can handle various tasks, while VPU is more specialized for vector operations.
  • Power Consumption: VPU is more energy efficient than CPU.

Advantages and Disadvantages of CPU and VPU:



  • Versatile
  • Can handle various tasks
  • Has a high clock speed


  • High power consumption
  • Less efficient for vector operations



  • Fast for vector operations
  • Energy efficient
  • Simple architecture


  • Less versatile
  • Can only handle vector operations

When to Use CPU and VPU?

  • CPU: Use CPU for tasks that require many individual instructions, such as running desktop applications, games, and editing software.
  • VPU: Use VPU for tasks involving parallel vector operations, such as image

Determining the exact percentage of CPU and VPU speed comparison is not straightforward. The speed of VPU compared to CPU depends on several factors:

  • Type of operation: VPU is significantly faster than CPU for parallel vector operations, such as image and video processing. In this case, VPU can be several times faster than CPU.
  • CPU and VPU specifications: The performance of CPU and VPU varies depending on the model and specifications. Newer VPUs can be much faster than older CPUs.
  • Task being performed: The speed of CPU and VPU can differ for different tasks.

Here are some examples of CPU and VPU speed comparisons:

  • Image processing: VPU can be 10-100 times faster than CPU.
  • Video processing: VPU can be 5-50 times faster than CPU.
  • Machine learning: VPU can be 2-20 times faster than CPU.

It’s important to remember:

  • VPU is not always faster than CPU. For tasks that do not involve parallel vector operations, CPU can be faster.
  • VPU is generally more energy efficient than CPU.


VPU is significantly faster than CPUs for specific tasks like image, video processing, and machine learning. The exact speed difference depends on the type of operation, CPU and VPU specifications, and the task being performed.